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  • 20 Jun 2024

Setting Up SPF, DKIM, and DMARC on GoDaddy: A Comprehensive Guide

Introduction

In today’s digital age, email security and deliverability are paramount for businesses. Configuring SPF, DKIM, and DMARC records ensures that your emails are authenticated, secure, and less likely to end up in spam folders. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps to set up these crucial email authentication protocols on GoDaddy.

Understanding SPF, DKIM, and DMARC

Before diving into the setup process, it’s essential to understand what SPF, DKIM, and DMARC are and why they are vital for your email security and deliverability.

SPF (Sender Policy Framework): SPF is an email authentication method that specifies which mail servers are allowed to send emails on behalf of your domain. It helps prevent spoofing and phishing by verifying the sender’s IP address.

DKIM (DomainKeys Identified Mail): DKIM adds a digital signature to your emails, allowing the recipient’s mail server to verify that the email was indeed sent from your domain and has not been altered in transit. This enhances the email’s integrity and authenticity.

DMARC (Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting & Conformance): DMARC builds on SPF and DKIM by providing a way for domain owners to specify how unauthenticated emails should be handled. It also provides reports on email authentication performance and potential abuse.

Steps to Set Up SPF, DKIM, and DMARC on GoDaddy

Step 1: Log in to Your GoDaddy Account
  1. Sign In: Go to the GoDaddy website and log in to your account.
  2. Navigate to DNS Management: Once logged in, click on your username at the top right corner and select “My Products.” Find your domain and click “DNS” to access the DNS management page.
Step 2: Setting Up SPF
  1. Locate TXT Records: In the DNS management page, scroll down to the “Records” section and find the “TXT” records.
  2. Add SPF Record: Click “Add” to create a new record. Select “TXT” from the Type drop-down menu.
  3. Enter SPF Details:
    • Name: Enter “@” to apply the SPF record to the root domain or specify a subdomain if needed.
    • Value: Enter your SPF record, which typically looks like this: v=spf1 include:spf.protection.outlook.com -all. This example includes the Outlook email service. Adjust this value based on your email service providers.
    • TTL: Set the TTL (Time to Live) to 1 hour.
  4. Save the Record: Click “Save” to add the SPF record to your DNS settings.
Step 3: Setting Up DKIM
  1. Generate DKIM Keys: To set up DKIM, you need to generate DKIM keys through your email service provider (ESP). Each ESP has a different process, so refer to their documentation for generating DKIM keys.
  2. Add DKIM Record: Once you have the DKIM keys, return to the DNS management page on GoDaddy and click “Add.”
  3. Enter DKIM Details:
    • Type: Select “TXT” from the Type drop-down menu.
    • Name: Enter the selector followed by “._domainkey.” For example, if your selector is “default,” enter “default._domainkey.”
    • Value: Enter the DKIM public key provided by your ESP.
    • TTL: Set the TTL to 1 hour.
  4. Save the Record: Click “Save” to add the DKIM record to your DNS settings.
Step 4: Setting Up DMARC
  1. Locate TXT Records: In the DNS management page, scroll down to the “Records” section and find the “TXT” records.
  2. Add a DMARC Record: Click “Add” to create a new record. Select “TXT” from the Type drop-down menu.
  3. Enter DMARC Details:
    • Name: Enter “_dmarc” to specify the DMARC policy for the root domain.
    • Value: Enter your DMARC policy, which typically looks like this: v=DMARC1; p=none; rua=mailto:dmarc-reports@yourdomain.com. This example sets the DMARC policy to “none,” which means no specific action is taken for failing emails, and reports are sent to the specified email address. Adjust this value based on your desired DMARC policy and reporting preferences.
    • TTL: Set the TTL to 1 hour.
  4. Save the Record: Click “Save” to add the DMARC record to your DNS settings.
Step 5: Verify Your Records

After adding the SPF, DKIM, and DMARC records to your DNS settings, it may take some time for the changes to propagate. You can use various online tools to verify that your records are correctly configured.

  • SPF: Use tools like MXToolbox or SPF Record Checker to verify your SPF record.
  • DKIM: Use tools like DKIM Validator or your ESP’s verification tool to check your DKIM configuration.
  • DMARC: Use DMARC Analyzer or DMARCian to ensure your DMARC record is set up correctly and to monitor reports.
Step 6: Monitor and Adjust

Regularly monitor your email authentication reports and adjust your SPF, DKIM, and DMARC settings as needed. This will help you maintain optimal email deliverability and security.

Conclusion

Setting up SPF, DKIM, and DMARC records on GoDaddy is essential for enhancing your email security and deliverability. By following this comprehensive guide, you can ensure that your emails are authenticated, secure, and more likely to reach their intended recipients. Regular monitoring and adjustments will help you maintain a robust email infrastructure, protecting your domain from spoofing and phishing attacks while improving your overall email performance.


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